Not easy to navigate when it comes to evoke the classification of Bordeaux wines. Some are (almost) in stone (ranking 1855 for the Medoc and Sauternes, Graves Classification), others on the contrary have been intense fighting on the legal (Saint-Emilion, Cru Bourgeois). Other, at least, simply does not exist : this is the case, are also, Pomerol wines that do not have an official classification *.
For wine, the rankings should incorporate both criteria local but also the quality of work done in the vineyard and winery by winemaker. Chaque appellation présente des caractéristiques distinctes, both in terms of grape as soil composition. Rightly, rankings achieved thus far have concerned designations, or regions with similar characteristics.
What is their role ?
The rankings are compiled on the basis of a detailed specification and based on criteria as objective as possible, so they have reference value to end consumers. The hierarchy produced some rankings has established a price range that serves as a standard in trade. This does not prevent prices fluctuate depending on the quality of vintage. Sometimes, work and investment by some areas are shifting positions of the ranking ; and there, it is the market that redefines its hierarchy. Some areas ranked fifth in raw 1855 are exchanged in effect at price levels higher than those in areas classified third, or fourth, according to the law of supply and demand.
For a ranking is not always revisable. Depending on the initial load specifications, some of them have survived the decades and even centuries without any modification, or almost upset the established order comes originally. This is particularly true of the ranking 1855, changed only once in 1973 : the Chateau Mouton Rothschild had then attained the rank of first classified. The classification of Sauternes wines and the serious thus remained unchanged since their creation.
However it has not been the same with wine classification Saint-Emilion, or that of crus bourgeois. The first is essentially revisable every ten years. The second was established first in 1932, and had undergone a major revision in 2003. On cancellation attacks, we made you follow the blog iDealwine multiple twists on the review of each of these two rankings. As for Pomerol wines, which are among their ranks the legendary Petrus, they have never been any formalized ranking. Inability to establish the rules or simple wisdom ? One thing is certain : the day came not imagine that Bordeaux will establish an overall ranking of great wines, all appellations ...
* As for wines of Pomerol, a classification was established during the Vichy regime. It is no longer valid today.
For more information and a list of wines classified :